Rahul Dravid the proof that leader are sometimes self-made

Blog By Prof. Hemal Thakkar (Assistant Professor-Kohinoor Business School) on March 10, 2017

Rahul Sharad Dravid turned 44 on the 11th of Jan 2017. For any cricket lovers who followed test cricket in the decade gone by Rahul Dravid or the wall was widely considered as the last classical batsman who played in an era when cricket was going through a metamorphose. Rahul Dravid was born in the same year as the cricketing god Sachin Tendulkar, by the time he made his debut Sachin was already a superstar. By the time he ended his career he was only second to Sachin Tendulkar in both centuries and runs in test Cricket for India. Dravid had his share of failures; he found instant success in test cricket but had to fight his ways in the shorter format. He showed sighs of greatness when he changed his game and was the highest scorer in the 1999 edition of the world cup. He went on to captain the Indian Test and ODI team after being a deputy to Saurav Ganguly, probably the most celebrated Indian Captain of all time. The striking quality of a man who held his own stardom in the company of Sachin Tendulkar was his modesty and consistency. He was always a team player, although he wasn’t a natural wicket keeper he agreed to keep wickets so that the team could play an extra specialist in the 2003 world cup. Rahul Dravid is best summed up by the name of his biography “The Nice Guy Who Finished First“.

Here are some leadership qualities in the former Indian Captain that can make for a good leadership lesson

1. Leaders are made with hard work:

Some people are born great, others achieve greatness and some have greatness thrust upon them. The former Indian captain certainly belongs to the second category. Kumble was always the first choice to captain for Karnataka and Ganguly was the greatest Captain ever yet Rahul Dravid silently grew in stature accumulating the critical mass to be one of India’s most successful leaders abroad.

2. Power comes with responsibility

Being the Indian Captian is never easy, One of Dravid's most debated decisions was taken in March 2004, when he was standing captain for an injured Sourav Ganguly. India's first innings was declared at a point when Sachin Tendulkar was at 194 runs with 16 overs remaining on Day 2. This was a big heart break for a nation’s most loved cricketer. A decision, which required nerves of steel. The wall faced a major backlash for his move but like always, he entered the debate but stood by his move

3. Leaders need to lead from the front:

Steve Waugh once said “Dravid was the truly worthy adversary, and somebody who prided himself of making the tough, important runs”. It was his reputation of not giving away his wicket which gave him the nickname the WALL

4. You don’t need to be flashy to be successful:

Dravid was always the second man is the story be it his debut in lords when he scored an impressive 95. It was ganguly who scored the century. VVS Laxman was the star of the Kolkata Test against Australia in 2001 which turned the series around for India even though Dravid stood with Laxman all day to thwart McGrath & co. Everyone remembers Sehwag’s thunderous 195 at Melbourne even though it was Dravid who was responsible for India taking the lead in the Adelaide Test against Australia in the 2003-04 series down under. If that is not enough Sehwag is known as the Sultan of Multan even though it was Rahul whose brilliant 270 helped India seal the 2004 Pak series for the first in it’s history but the former Indian captain has been unfazed, letting others grab the big stories while he goes about his business without much fuss or hype. Even in the Lahore Test it was Sehwag who had everyone hooked to their seats, just like Sourav had in the World Cup match against Sri Lanka in England in 1999 when he scored a record breaking 183 even though Rahul had a cracked a ton at the other end with him

Finally for a man who was always passive on the cricket field the best quote was by former Australian great Matthew Hayden“All this going around is not aggression. If you want to see aggression on cricket field, look into Rahul Dravid’s eyes”

Where India stands in the world today

Blog By Prof. Hemal Thakkar (Assistant Professor-Kohinoor Business School) on March 10, 2017

There have been number of articles written on the story of the new India; most say the same thing, which more or less is actually quite accurate. Then why do I write this article…I have been spending way much time trying to read on what other countries perceive India to be. The rise of India is the common perception everywhere however; I have reason to believe that it is a little over stated.

Economic growth is everyone’s concern in such a milieu, however there is no consensus on the definition of the term. Although economic growth is obvious and may be, there is no need to frame precise definition to it. The importance of adding numbers cannot be undermined. The debate of economic growth and economic development is long drawn and I do not intend to add fuel to fire. The only argument I am putting forward is the perception of India.

The perception of India by countries those actually are very much in the fray of Indian politics and economics is what matters, The oldest partner and competitor of India is China. Both ancient civilizations both conquered and chained by foreign powers from time to time and both recovering from years of suppression and loot. China has shown the world that it is possible to lift people out of poverty with economic progress. With all its challenges it has been able to achieve growth for three decades, which may be something no one has archived in history no county, Kingdom or region has achieved.

Today the world looks at China with doubt. It looks expansionist and has an attitude to show cast its power from time to time. The hypocrisy of the world is quite evident, as most other countries have shown the same nature when in power. China is vary of India but again this sentiment is played up. The reason being we are rivals in economic progress and we do have an impact on each other’s growth as we compete for resources and yes, we have had a war which to many was a foolish decision by Nehru. To understand China’s outlook of India we need to show empathy toward China. For China, India is a regional competitor who can challenge its superiority in the region. Its real rival the United States does not have many regional competitors and can dictate terms in its region something China cannot. China also would feel the treat of India collaborating with the United States to become a regional superpower.

Today China has seen a slow down which was bond to happen for an economy, which grew at such a pace for so long, and India has benefited from the falling commodity prices. India has a new government which is more efficient lesser corrupt and more in sync of its position, it has been leveraging its economic power to push its soft power throughout the world, something China have not been able to do successfully .However China is also aware of the advantages of a growing India to them. There are many opportunities for China to redirect some of its investment towards India. Especially the infrastructure sector which has been a forerunner in china’s growth story.

The main concern for China is that India has more soft power India has being cozying up to Japan and other smaller economies of the region and the world and most of China’s partners like North Korea, Russia and Pakistan are adding more cost to china than benefits. It will be interesting to see for how long can china support these countries now that is economy has slowed down.

When we talk of rivals to India it will always be Pakistan, May be not matched any more but rivals non the less. Both nations have shared history; both were very poor and has a number of problems however one seems to be doing better than the other. The relatively decent era of Pakistan has ended. The days when they dreamt of an alliance with the most powerful nation in the world, the days when they were a delight on the cricket field, the days when they dreamt of a Pakistan which Jinnah had promised them of. Today’s Pakistan is looks at itself with disbelief. It has systematically lost control of it’s future, down with debt and controlled by the Army there is little hope for Improvement.

The very formation of Pakistan has been a reason for animosity for the two sides however, India learned the hard way that it had larger problems within it. Pakistan was always waiting for those problems, which they felt they knew would erupt however, it did not. India has had no communal outbreak to an extent where it breaks the nation apart and due to it economic progress the Muslims in India are better off than the ones living it Pakistan. Its economic power has helped it grow into a powerful military force and has therefore increased the gap between the two countries

The media in Pakistan have two break ups, just the way it is in India. I have been trying to follow it for a few months now and have realized that there are various version of what the media is Pakistan discusses about India. The nation is in grave problems, Pakistan is facing many problems from their facuted infrastructure to Islamic Extremism all tearing the nation apart. The polished media if I can say so is more focused on why the issue has aroused and what are the possible solutions and the popular media blames the Indian R&AW for all the issues it faced.

There is wide spread admiration for what India has achieved and equally disbelief that it had done so. There is obliviously an exestuation of India’s Power and Progress. India is already seen by most of Pakistan as a World Power with a strong economic structure. There is also a feeling of despair as It is widely believed that India will destabilize Pakistan and Destroy all the little that it exports. There is no doubt that India is growing at a phenomenal rate, it is obviously interesting to see India grow considering its diversity and complexity. May be since we are a part of the story it doesn’t seem to be as glorified as People outside its border see it.

A THINKER, AN ATHEIST AND A MARTYR

Blog By Prof. Hemal Thakkar (Assistant Professor-Kohinoor Business School) on March 10, 2017

“The aim in life is no more to control the mind,but to make the best use of it here below:and not to realize truth beauty and good only in contemplation, but also in actual experience of daily life ;social progress depends not upon the ennoblement of the few but on the enrichment of democracy;universal brotherhood can be achieved only when there is equality of opportunity -of opportunity in social, political and individual life” From Bhagat Singh's prison diary

What wisdom can provoke a jailed man to write words of such dept especially when one is just all of 22. The reason what Bhagat Singh wrote was incredible is the fact that he was just out of his teens. The man was incredible with out doubt. Today he is a popular figure with multiple bollywood movies on his life. Multiple authors writing about him. His courage, his audacity, his valor are often spoken about however very few authors have actually payed attention to his skills as a leader.

There have been number of bright thinkers during the Indian Independence struggle, people like Jawaharlal Nehru, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Lal Bahadur Shastri were all looked at as intellects who redefined the nations in its days of subjection. However most notions of a Bhagat Singh is of a rebellious patriot who fought on his own term, intelligent never the less but not much to social formation. The idea of Bhagat Singh is still as Shaheed, which he truly was however the image somewhere hides his skills as a thinker and leader. It take a mind which is highly twisted or one which is satisfied irrespective of the consequences to be at such a young age at peace even when he was led to the gallows.When he first met Chandrashekhar Azad. The movement Hindustan Republic Army was renamed to Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA).The addition of the word Socialism is the contribution by Bhagat Singh , he was attracted to anarchism and communism. He was voracious reader of the teachings of Mikhail Bakunin and also read Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky. His Essay "Why I am an Atheist" is proof of the thinker he was. To quote him “As regard the origin of God, my thought is that man created God in his imagination when he realised his weaknesses, limitations and shortcomings. In this way he got the courage to face all the trying circumstances and to meet all dangers that might occur in his life and also to restrain his outbursts in prosperity and affluence. God, with his whimsical laws and parental generosity was painted with variegated colours of imagination. He was used as a deterrent factor when his fury and his laws were repeatedly propagated so that man might not become a danger to society. He was the cry of the distressed soul for he was believed to stand as father and mother, sister and brother, brother and friend when in time of distress a man was left alone and helpless. He was Almighty and could do anything. The idea of God is helpful to a man in distress”

He was also philosophical when it came to death, remember he was someone who unlike all of us knew exactly when he was going to die. He once said religion made death easier, but also said that unproven philosophy is a sign of human weakness. His beliefs on death was made clear when he be littled his crusaders by saying "It is easy to kill individuals but you cannot kill the ideas”

Singh’s always believed that he would live by his ideas which he has over time He was voted the "Greatest Indian" in a poll by the Indian magazine India Today in 2008, ahead of Bose and Gandhi. I have never felt that his popularity is low however I have always believed that his image as of martyrdom has outshined his immensely impressive mind as a thinker a group of intellectuals set up an institution named Bhagat Singh Sansthan to commemorate him and his ideals.

The best book I have read on Bhagat Singh was “WITHOUT FEAR”: The life and trial of Bhagat Singh by Kuldip Nayar. It help to understand a 23 year old body with a 100 year old mind. A man who famously said my bride shall only be death, a man who marched to the gallows with a smile on his face

How to improve your communication

Blog By Prof. Sandeep Sawant (PGDM Program(In Charge)-Kohinoor Business School) on March 10, 2017

1. Having the courage to say what you think - This may take some time, but once you master this, you may get out of your stage fear. The key to this is to develop interests on certain subject matters, on which you may be able to speak confidently and you may have the necessary knowledge on that matter, which others may lack. Here’s where you may get your competitive edge.

2. Practice – Age old saying: Practice speaking in front of a mirror. If that doesn’t work out, you may take the help of your parents, siblings or friends to improve your confidence and help you find your errors.

3. Engage the audience - The key is to make an eye contact while speaking your thoughts. Do not stick your eyes to only one person, like a professor or your best friend in the crowd. Keep shifting your eyes on different people in the crowd. Remember that this also has to be done carefully, or else, too much of eye contact and you may come across as a ‘staring’ person.

4. Use gestures- Careful use of body movements like hand gestures, body posture may surely help the audience feel more connected with what you intend to speak. Make your whole body talk.

5. Have a constructive attitude - The attitudes you bring to communication will have a huge impact on the way you compose yourself and interact with others. Choose to be honest, patient, optimistic, sincere, respectful, and accepting of others. Be sensitive to other people's feelings, and believe in others' competence.

6. Develop effective listening skills - Not only should one be able to speak effectively, one must listen to the other person's words and engage in communication on what the other person is speaking about. Avoid the impulse to listen only for the end of their sentence so that you can blurt out the ideas or memories your mind while the other person is speaking. Don’t just listen to react, listen to understand.

7. Be clear about the manner in which you speak - Speak clearly and don’t mumble. If people are always asking you to repeat, try to do a better job of articulating yourself in a better manner.

8. Pronounce your words correctly - People will judge your competency through your vocabulary. If you aren’t sure of how to say a word, don’t use it. Improve your vocabulary by reading new words in daily routine. Look in the dictionary to help you learn how to pronounce a new word.

Does India require a different form of Management Education?

Blog By Prof. Hemal Thakkar (Assistant Professor-Kohinoor Business School) on March 10, 2017

The modern idea of a business schools comes from Harvard Business School, Being the pioneer of business education during the Industrial revolution. Harvard has been the leading centre of research and idea generation for management education. The idea of business like any other management faculty would always be a refection of societal norms for instance the Ideas of Management, corporate and Stake holding are all very western in terms of their definition. Today the world is changing there is a high influence of the east on business cycles around the world. China and India are growing in not only economic influence but also soft power. Many concepts such as Standardization, efficiency profit Maximization are western influences on business. So then What is the Asian business model?.

Since businesses in India and China (at least larger businesses) are family owned or are promoted by a family the ideas place by the west sometimes faces resistance. The western business head has limited time to serve as a leader. He/she therefore will look at the short term performance of the company; however a member of a family will always look to improve the performance of the company in the long term so that his successor can reap the rewards. There is obviously an argument that family managed businesses can be ruined by interfamily feuds and slower growth however it still dominates eastern business ideas and has been sustainable for a very long period. The model allows an entrepreneur to not only push his own fortunes but also to put the fortunes of the generation, which follows him. The western individualism has been efficient and has worked find however the east is a different environment.

There are many business schools in the region, almost all emulating or rather pushing themselves to emulate the west however few B schools may in the future push for more Indian forms of doing business. Today most non State University courses mainly PGDM have been an Option to include subjects, which are based on Indian ethos. The businesses and laws of the country is based on western systems and processes however societies in general in India is different, although the businesses have a western model India informally has modified the way businesses work. So the cold blooded ways of the west are slightly modified by using informal ways of negotiation.

Is it then not important for B schools to push Ideas, which are custom made for India. Yes Economics, Finance and general theory of Management can still be a constant but ideas of Organizational Behavior and Consumer behavior needs clarification.

The Kotlers and Druckers of the world might not always be right for India. Many top B Schools have included Yoga (meditation) and Indian Management Ideas (Implementation) as part of the syllabus; however these are only the top B School.

The problem is that India has large number of B schools whose curriculum depended on a University who will find it difficult to incorporate Indian Ethos in their syllabus. Therefore smaller Institutes and Universities where these subject are not yet included may leave a big gap in their delivery, if not an inclusion at least an argument for the same needs to be made for these subjects.

How to improve Word Power

Blog By Prof. Sandeep Sawant (PGDM Program(In Charge)-Kohinoor Business School) on March 10, 2017

1. If you come across something that you love, or something that spikes an interest within you, try to grab a book or read an article or two on it. This way, you’ll feel more connected to the article, understand the article and this will surely be beneficial. Also, do not restrict yourself to one type of reading. Variety is also important, so make sure that you keep widening your interests.

2. Read good books. If possible, get some books written by International Best Sellers, as the level of English they use has chances of being beyond our understanding, hence you may be sure to learn new words.

3. If you come across a word which is unknown to you, try to find its meaning. If you miss the word, you may always get the meaning by listening to the context in which it is spoken.

Example- The ‘vicious’ cycle of life is never ending.

4. When you have a conversation with someone & he/she speaks a word which is not understood by you, try to memorise the pronunciation of the word & search in the dictionary that moment itself, or you may even ask the person.

5. Practice the new words that you get to listen. This may be via an e-mail to a friend, or even in daily conversations. Remember that if you fail to practice, you may end up forgetting the word itself.

6. Online services like ‘Word of the Day’ help you to know new words on a daily basis. Do not forget to incorporate them into your daily life.

7. Learn the roots of a word. For example, the word ‘Vocabulary’ is derived from the Latin root word ‘Voc’ which means ‘word’ or ‘name’.

8. Whenever you learn new words, but are unable to pronounce or spell it, look for synonyms of the same. Remember that usage of the same must be done carefully, since some synonyms may be used differently altogether.

Example- If you are confused with the pronunciation of ‘Balderdash’, you may use the word ‘Absurdity’ or ‘Folly’. You may use Google at any point in time to improve your pronunciation.

9. Listen a lot. You may use Youtube videos (having subtitles), which may surely get you to listen to newer words.

10. Watch English movies, or for that matter, even English News Channels. The words used by them are with regards to events occurring daily in the world, stocks, games, politics and a lot more.

How to improve your personality

Blog By Prof. Sandeep Sawant (PGDM Program(In Charge)-Kohinoor Business School) on March 10, 2017

Personality is not a small concept that can be understood by mere textbook definitions, or can be found in the Google space. However, if we try, a few pointers can be listed down regarding the same. Here are a few of them:

Positivity- The most important thing in itself is ‘Positivity’. So, how do you bring this in yourself, because such a thing is better said than done, right? It is said that 95% of your emotions are determined by the way you talk to yourself as you go throughout your day. So, if you are one of those who constantly crib on things unachieved by you yet, well, patience is the answer. Be in the moment and tell yourself that, ‘It’s alright, if not today, I may overcome this tomorrow, or maybe later.’

Know yourself- I believe you must have gone through the terminology called SWOT (Strengths, Weakness, Opportunities, Threats) Analysis. Well, don’t just go for the full form, try it literally on yourself. Try to know what are your strengths (it could be having better information than others in Technology or even Cricket), Weaknesses (Not so fluent in English, spoken or written), Opportunities (For example, given a chance under a particular circumstance, how would you perform to your strengths) & even Threats (For example, you may not be comfortable at managing people, or may be introvert). Work around your own SWOT and you will see that you may know more about yourself than before.

Positive food for the mind- No, I do not mean eating Californian Almonds or Arabic Dates (although they are beneficial). What I mean is, having positive thoughts throughout the day. This includes being with people who remain confident, reading quotes and books by influential people and keeping your mind busy with some or the other (sensible) work.

Have endless hunger for knowledge - Keep learning. The more you keep learning, the more you grow.

Keep positive, but realistic expectations- Set some expectations for your life. It could be becoming a CEO of an organisation in the next 10 years, or even becoming an Entrepreneur of an organisation specialising in manufacturing garden tools, or owning a supercar before marrying. Be sure that they do not just remain on a piece of paper in the closet, but ensure that you also work towards achieving those expectations, step by step.